MySQL community server is a free open source, popular and cross-platform database management system. It supports both SQL and NoSQL, and has a pluggable storage engine architecture. Additionally, it also comes with multiple database connectors for different programming languages, allowing you to develop applications using any of the well known languages, and many other features.
It has many use cases under document storage, cloud, high availability systems, IoT (Internet of Things), hadoop, big data, data warehousing, LAMP or LEMP stack for supporting high-volume website/apps and much more.
In this article, we will explain a fresh installation of MySQL 8.0 database system on Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver. Before we move onto the actual installation steps, let’s look at a summary of:
What’s New in MySQL 8.0
- The database now incorporates a transactional data dictionary.
- Comes with Atomic DDL statement support.
- Enhanced security and account management.
- Improvements to resource management.
- Several InnoDB enhancements.
- New type of backup lock.
- Default character set has changed to utf8mb4 from latin1.
- A couple of JSON enhancements.
- Comes with regular expression support using International Components for Unicode (ICU).
- New error logging which now uses the MySQL component architecture.
- Enhancements to MySQL replication.
- Supports common table expressions(both non-recursive and recursive).
- Has an enhanced optimizer.
- Additional window functions and more.
Step 1: Add MySQL Apt Repository
Luckily, there is an APT repository for installing the MySQL server, client, and other components. You need to add this MySQL repository to your system’s package sources list; start by downloading the repository package using the wget tool from the command line.
$ wget -c https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql-apt-config_0.8.10-1_all.deb
$ sudo dpkg -i mysql-apt-config_0.8.10-1_all.deb
Note that in the package installation process, you will be prompted to choose MySQL server version and other components such as cluster, shared client libraries, or the MySQL workbench that you want to configure for installation.
MySQL server version
mysql-8.0 will be auto-selected, then scroll down to the last option
Ok and click [Enter]to finish the configuration and installation of the release package, as shown in the screenshot.
Step 2: Install MySQL Server in Ubuntu 18.04
Next, download the latest package information from all configured repositories, including the recently added MySQL repository.
$ sudo apt update
Then run the following command to install packages for the MySQL community server, client and the database common files.
$ sudo apt-get install mysql-server
Through the installation process, you will be asked to enter a password for the root user for your MySQL server, re-enter the password to confirm it and press [Enter].
Next, the MySQL server authentication plugin configuration message will appear, read through it and use the right arrow to choose
Ok and press [Enter] to continue.
Afterwards, you will be asked to select the default authentication plugin to use, then use the right arrow to choose
Ok and press [Enter] to complete the package configuration.
Step 3: Secure MySQL Server Installation
By default, the MySQL installation is unsecure. To secure it, run the security script which comes with the binary package. You will be asked to enter the root password you set during the installation process. Then also choose whether to use the VALIDATE PASSWORD plugin or not.
You can also change the root password you set before (as we have done in this example). Then enter
yes/y to the following security questions:
- Remove anonymous users? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) :
- Disallow root login remotely? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) :
- Remove test database and access to it? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) :
- Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) :
Launch the script by issuing the following command.
$ sudo mysql_secure_installation
To further secure your MySQL server, read our article 12 MySQL/MariaDB Security Best Practices for Linux.
Step 4: Managing MySQL Server via Systemd
On Ubuntu, after installing a package, it’s service(s) are usually started automatically once the package is configured. You can check if the MySQL server is up and running using following command.
$ sudo systemctl status mysql
If for one reason or the other, it isn’t auto-started, use the commands below to start and enable it to start at system boot time, as follows.
$ sudo systemctl status mysql $ sudo systemctl enable mysql
Step 5: Install Extra MySQL Products and Components
In addition, you can install extra MySQL components that you feel you need in order to work with the server, such as mysql-workbench-community, libmysqlclient18 and many others.
$ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install mysql-workbench-community libmysqlclient18
Finally, to access the MySQL shell, issue the following command.
$ sudo mysql -u root -p